The ESTP Personality Type

Logo_1500184279774ESTPs are down to earth, realistic, and spontaneous. They are masters of improvisation and will dive into a new adventure without a second thought if it seems interesting enough. Being the lovers of life that they are, entertainment is often a center focus of their lives. They thrive on action and do not like to sit idle doing nothing with their time. They are thrill seekers to the core and are always up for a challenge. Those with the ESTP personality type will have some eccentric qualities to their personality because their zest for life is really quite out of the ordinary. Even their career choices tend to be out of the ordinary and excitement driven. ESTPs themselves are spontaneous and entertaining people. They can garner the attention of those around them simply by being themselves because of  their natural humor and stylish flair.

The dominant function of the ESTP personality type is Extraverted Sensing (Se). Se is all about the physical environment and what’s going on in the here and now. Any activity that relies on the 5 senses (taste, sight, touch, smell, and hearing) is where ESTPs really thrive. Typically anything new to their senses will be a big source of interest, food for example. ESTPs are also extremely perceptive of the world around them in the current moment. The present moment in general is very important to ESTPs. They do not like to worry too much about the future or the past, rather they like to focus on what’s going on right now.  They like to make the most out of life and want to make each moment fun and exciting. They are very observant of their surroundings and can pick up on little details or changes in the environment that others seem to overlook. Even little changes in facial expressions or slight hand gestures can be easily read and analyzed. ESTPs can be incredibly hard to fool because of this and it gives them the upper hand when it comes to negotiating with people.

Introverted Thinking (Ti) is the auxiliary function of the ESTP personality type. With Ti they are able to understand the world and make sense of it logically. The world to an ESTP is made up of facts that the ESTP recognizes and accepts because they make sense. Ti is especially useful when there is a problem that needs to be solved or a method that needs to be improved. This is a second mode of operation and a more serious side to them compared to their fun loving Se dominant side. ESTPs are the masters of reading a situation and coming up with decisions on the fly but they certainly have the capability to plan as well, though they usually prefer not to. This is actually one of the biggest strengths that they possess because even without a plan they can do just as good, if not better than the next guy.

Extraverted Feeling (Fe) is their tertiary function and one of their weaker abilities but it nonetheless supports them throughout life. This is relevant in understanding how others are feeling. ESTPs in general tend to disregard the feelings of others, however, they often end up naturally developing their fe to a functioning degree at some point in their lives (usually in their mid 30s). Though they seldom rely on feelings in their daily living. ESTPs instead prefer to make decisions that are based on facts and logic rather than feelings.

Introverted Intuition (Ni) is the inferior function of the ESTP personality type. It is basically the opposite of Extraverted Sensing which is all about the present moment and taking action. Ni is about envisioning the future possibilities. This is the weakest ability that they possess and it often manifests itself in a negative manner. They can suffer from internal confusion and lack of motivation if they get stuck using their inferior Ni too much. This is one of the few times that these guys seriously stress themselves out because normally they are very easy going and relaxed.

The functions:

Dominant function: Extraverted Sensing (Se)

Auxiliary function: Introverted Thinking (Ti)

Tertiary function: Extraverted Feeling (Fe)

Inferior function: Introverted Intuition (Ni)

Don’t know your personality type? Find out here


The ISFP Personality Type


Logo_1498850076425ISFPs are modest, sensitive, and adventure loving people who live their life according to their values.

Those who identify with the ISFP personality type will be driven to do things depending on how they feel about them; this is because of their dominant function Introverted Feeling (Fi). Fi is the source of their strong inner value system and it guides their choice of actions throughout life. One thing that ISFPs fear the most is being forced to do something that goes against their values. These people need their independence and are often proud of their own unique style and originality.

ISFPs value harmony in their lives and strive to maintain certain feelings within. These people feel things deeply and are known for being quite sensitive, especially when it comes to conflict or criticism. However, they may not always express the depth of their feelings to the outside world and instead choose to bottle up their feelings on the inside. Artistic expression is a great way for them to show the world how they feel and they often do well in the art industry.

The source of their adventure loving nature is their auxiliary function Extraverted Sensing (Se).  Se is all about the present moment and the utilization of the 5 senses. ISFPs tend to always be aware of what’s going on around them at the moment, even when they are daydreaming or lost in their inner world. Se is also what makes these people unpredictable and spontaneous. ISFPs would rather leave their schedule open than plan their whole life out because that would be much too boring. Although they are introverted and tend to be quiet people, they have a fun loving air about them and are known for taking spontaneous risks.

ISFPs naturally combine Fi and Se. Fi is their default mode of living and it is all about peace and harmony. However, Se is all about action and taking risks which makes for a very unique combination. An ISFP with well developed Se will be great at taking action, especially when it comes to something they feel passionate about. Decision making in general is not a strong point for ISFPs but developing Se will definitely help in that regard. Fi on it’s own is very lax and melancholy so having Se to support creates an equilibrium that is essential for these people to function.

Their tertiary function is Introverted Intuition (Ni). This function is not the strongest of their abilities but it is there to support them nonetheless. With Ni these people can envision possibilities and potential improvements for the future. Their intuition is an important tool for figuring out which path to take in life but it can sometimes leave them idle and stagnant. Sometimes these people get stuck in a Fi + Ni loop which can get quite depressing. They may envision their wildest dreams coming true and how great it will feel when they accomplish their goals but will remain stuck in the loop, simply dreaming but unable to take action. This may feel like a safe place for them but ultimately nothing will change without them taking action in the present and making things happen. The only way for them to get out of the loop is to utilize their auxiliary function Se and start taking action.

The inferior function for the ISFP personality type is Extraverted Thinking (Te). This is their weakest function and very often brings out the negative characteristics of the person. When an ISFP is being bombarded with excessive criticism or negativity then that’s when Te will start to show. They will feel compelled to take control of the situation and defend themselves any way they can. Most often they will become aggressive towards whoever criticized them and will respond with their own criticism. Te will also show its self by taking unnecessary action that only makes the situation worse. Learning how to control their emotions and remain peaceful in times like these is a life long goal for people with the ISFP personality type and it will only get easier with age.

The functions:

Dominant function: Introverted Feeling (Fi)

Auxiliary function: Extraverted Sensing (Se)

Tertiary function: Introverted Intuition (Ni)

Inferior function: Extraverted Thinking (Te)

This book seems to have decent reviews on amazon for anyone looking for a more in depth guide. A few things that are explained in this book include strengths and weaknesses, career choices, and relationship dynamics.

If you don’t know your personality type then you can find out here

The INFP Personality Type


infphoeAn INFP’s inner world is their life source, and at its core lies a passionate flame that is ready to engulf all things corrupt and inhumane.

INFPs are original, sensitive, and creative people who are very in tune with themselves and how they feel about things. They are very sensitive to conflict and seek harmony in their everyday living. Their dominant function: Introverted feeling (Fi) is their inner world and the source that guides their actions. If harming innocent children is a forbidden law within that world, then it is likely that the INFP will bring out that passionate flame and fight the injustice when they see it. They like to tackle things depending on how they feel, and logic tends to take a backseat in the matter.

Random example:

The task at hand will physically harm 300 innocent people, but it will get America out of trillions of dollars of debt.

Is harming 300 innocent people okay with the INFP’s value system? Most likely not. But America is in trillions of dollars of debt! This could change everything!…but innocent people…

Most INFPs would not only refuse such a task, they would fight against the injustice too. There is no reason why innocent people need to get harmed, despite the material benefits.

INFPs feel things very deeply, and just about everything is an emotional experience for them. These people actually need these types of experiences to feel sane. A world without feeling or depth is a sad world indeed for the INFP. Their tertiary function is Introverted Sensing (Si), meaning that significant experiences in their lives can make a life long impact. With Si, they can remember important past experiences (good and bad) and often end up replaying them in their head. This can be a comforting experience and it can also help them learn from past mistakes. They often combine this with their Fi to get a double dose of nostalgia and melancholy. However, this can be dangerous because they can get stuck in a Fi + Si loop. Being caught in one of these loops can get depressing and can seem almost never ending. They often completely neglect their auxiliary function: Extraverted Intuition(Ne) during one of these experiences.

As INFPs move about the external world, their inner world remains closed off as they take in the world around them via their auxiliary function: Extraverted Intuition (Ne). They rely heavily on their intuition and see the world in possibilities, or ‘what ifs’. To some, the INFP’s reliance upon intuition and feelings can seem irrational, or illogical. These people value authenticity in both themselves and those around them. People who are clearly fake or are projecting a false image are off putting to INFPs. They generally avoid these types of qualities when it comes to choosing friends. If an INFP lets you in their zone and starts ‘thinking out loud’ then that is a good sign that they feel comfortable with you.

INFPs will procrastinate hard when it comes to dealing with things that produce a bad feeling within. A stressed out INFP may cut themselves off from the world entirely and feel little remorse in doing so. INFPs are perfectionists and will often give themselves a lot of grief for making a mistake. These people are highly sensitive and try to avoid conflict whenever they can. However, their sensitivity can magically disappear when fighting an injustice or supporting a cause that they believe in. INFPs suffer from self doubt and can have a tough time taking action in the psychical world. Especially at a young age when their inferior function: Extraverted Thinking (Te) is underdeveloped. This will mostly likely be a weak point for these people until mid life.

INFPs are introverts and need time to themselves on a regular basis in order to recharge. It gives them time to think and sort through their feelings. Everything that happened throughout the day produced a different feeling within them, and they need to process those feelings. After processing those feelings, INFPs will feel energetic and ready to take in some more emotions. At their best, they often end up healing the suffering of others simply by lending an ear in a time of need. People love to tell all of their problems to INFPs, and they have a knack for putting people at ease. These people will make a great effort towards understanding people on a deep, non superficial level.

INFPs would likely enjoy working in a place that allows their natural talents for understanding and relating to others to blossom. They may not always desire to directly deal with people all the time, but work that involves helping people in some way is ideal. Their intuition is excellent at seeing the possibilities related to people and INFPs would likely do well in counseling, teaching, or psychology. These people are also very imaginative and would do well in a career involving artistic expression such as writing or music. Many INFPs report preferring written expression over verbal because of how natural it is for them. With their dominant function being an introverted one (Fi), these people are quite sensitive and may feel awkward when conversing in the presence of others (especially if they don’t know you).

INFPs need to have a purpose in their work or they will feel like they are wasting their time. Money alone is not enough to motivate these people to work hard. They often avoid dealing with mundane details and long winded explanations about how things work. They would rather just get straight to the point and hear how it’s going to help others and what they need to do to get things rolling. An INFP needs to find their own path in life, and when they do find something that ignites the fire within, their passion alone will become the beacon that inspires and heals all who come in contact.

The functions:

Dominant: Introverted Feeling (Fi)

Auxiliary: Extraverted Intuition (Ne)

Tertiary: Introverted Sensing (Si)

Inferior: Extraverted Thinking (Te)

For INFPs seeking a deeper level of self-understanding, this book will teach you how to grow as a human being and minimize your weaknesses. This book can also be helpful for every day living, career choices, and relationships. I have not read this book personally however the reviews on amazon look very promising.

The Highly Sensitive Person: How to Cope in the Busy World of Today

Human beings are empathetic creatures by nature, we can all to at least some degree understand what another person is going through, even if it’s just a little bit. Some people can go as far as feeling what the other person feels. The highly sensitive individual is a special case. This is when the ability to feel becomes so intense that it can potentially become too much to handle.

A few things that can potentially be harmful for Highly Sensitive Individuals:

  • Too many sudden changes in the physical environment
  • Too much negative energy from the surrounding people
  • Loud noises, bright lights, and crowded places with many people

If the environment is simply too much for a highly sensitive person to handle then it can even manifest into physical ailments and sicknesses.

So what can these people do to cope with such a trait?

Being a highly sensitive individual in the world of today is not an easy task… but it is more than possible to cope. It does not need to be seen in a negative light either. The key is simply to understand yourself and your limits.

For adults it is a lot easier because you have freedom to live how you choose. If you don’t want to work in a busy environment filled with tons of people talking at the top of their lungs every second of the day then you don’t have to.

For children however, it is a whole different story because children cannot just do whatever they want. Highly sensitive children are at the mercy of their parent/guardian. They have to go to school and they are expected to deal with the same conditions that everyone else deals with. And they will not receive special treatment unless they have a disability that the school finds legitimate.

Public school for highly sensitive children can potentially be hell depending on the environment. These children cannot choose when they feel, they unconsciously absorb the emotions of the people around them, all the time. Their energy levels and their ability to focus can severely plummet if the environment does not suit the child. This is why public school can severely hamper a child’s ability to focus and succeed academically. A peaceful and organized environment is best suited for these individuals.

A few things that can happen when a Highly Sensitive Person feels overwhelmed:

  • Severe energy depletion
  • Anxiety and confusion
  • Inability to focus and brain fog

It is not easy being a highly sensitive person, child or adult, but I really feel for children who may have no idea what is going on inside of them. Even worse if they think that there something is wrong with themselves. I believe that homeschooling is a more than viable option for children who suffer in the public school setting. If you have a child who you suspect to be highly sensitive then I would highly recommend considering the option.

Extra comments:

I myself am a highly sensitive person with the INFJ personality type and still have issues regarding negative/crowded environments. As a child it 10 times worse because I had no idea what was going on and neither did my parents. It didn’t get very much easier as I got older either. In fact I think it was the worst in high school where the environment I was in was much too rowdy and loud for me to function. And I had no choice but to deal with it and tough it through.

I think this is why I feel so passionate about the subject. I know for sure if someday my child were to show signs of being highly sensitive then I would make sure that my child feels comfortable. If my child is complaining about school and is not performing well then I will consider home school or private school in a heartbeat.

I truly wonder what it would have been like if I had been given the option to be home schooled. I could have studied in a peaceful environment without having to worry all the time. I may have actually enjoyed school if I wasn’t forced to be around such negative/loud influences all the time when I was trying to learn. I mean, I guess I learned some valuable lessons by toughing it out through public school… but still, I feel like it shouldn’t have been as terrible as it was.

The INTP Personality Type


Information is their fuel, and their primary mode of living is in their head. They seek to explain everything logically and work tirelessly when they find something that actually interests them.

These people seem to day dream like nobody’s business. Their mind just takes them places and they can seem aloof at times in their appearance as a result.

There is a reason why they are always in their head and it’s because they are always thinking. Their dominant function is Introverted Thinking(Ti) so their minds are always working to prove, disprove, or create new theories about things. They believe that it is possible to explain everything logically. An INTP lives in a world of logic, and feelings seem to be the least important part of that world. Not that they are cold hearted people who are unable to love, it’s just that they prefer to keep feelings and logic separate. The best way to piss off an INTP is to base all of your decisions off solely feelings or intuition, for that does not compute in the brain of an INTP. Be prepared for a long and thorough debate if you insist on arguing an illogical point to an INTP.

INTPs are not solely Ti however, they have intuition to support them too. This is what makes the INTP a huge force to be reckoned with on an intellectual level. Their auxiliary function: Extraverted Intuition (Ne) allows them to gain a deeper insight than with just thinking alone. It is also the main source of their curiosity and gives them the ability to deal with mental problems in a swift manner. Their intuition allows them to see the possibilities before they even try to prove it with logic. It gives them a glimpse into the future per se.

Their tertiary function is Introverted Sensing(Si). It’s greatest benefit is likely the ability to remember the past in great detail. At least, past experiences that actually meant something to them. Things that actually mean something to them are the only thing they will put energy towards. School can be a hit or miss for these people. Schooling as a child is often stressful for INTPs. However, should an INTP as an adult choose to invest their time into higher education and study a subject that they are actually passionate about then they will likely attract success that is far beyond the norm. It not surprising to hear about INTPs who do terrible in school as a child and then grow up and wow the world with their intellectual prowess – *cough* Einstein *cough*.

INTPs love to solidify their theories and ideas by bouncing them off of other people first. This may confuse people at first because their theories are often incomplete at the time. They have an intense desire to understand and come to a conclusion about things. They are generally drawn to anything that they cannot fully understand, even things that are of the divine nature could catch the attention of an INTP. In fact, it is things like this that often drive them the most. Purely for the sake of satisfaction they will work tirelessly to make sense of and ultimately prove or disprove whatever they set their sights on. They will not be content until it makes sense in their head (the world of logic), plain and simple.

Day to day activities, routines, and things that don’t stimulate their mind are a struggle for these people. They are generally quiet and reserved, especially when meeting new people. With Extraverted Feeling (Fe) being their inferior function, social interaction can also be a real struggle. But people aren’t really their thing anyway so whatever. They prefer a quiet place where they can be alone so their mind can wander freely. Freedom is a necessity for these people. Rigid rules, mundane schedules and boundaries only hinder their mental and creative abilities. They prefer to work in bursts of inspiration on whatever catches their eye. They may research one subject for a few days and then get bored and move on to the next without a second thought.

Dominant function: Introverted Thinking (Ti)

Auxiliary function: Extraverted Intuition (Ne)

Tertiary function: Introverted Sensing (Si)

Inferior function: Extraverted Feeling (Fe)

My personal experience:

So there was this girl that I met in the smash community (Competitive Super Smash Brothers). I was in Las Vegas at the time and I had just won one of their local tournaments. She walked up to me afterward and asked me to play, I refused, forgot the reason why, but we ended up adding each other on Facebook afterward.

After that day she started messaging me all day everyday. It startled me. I didn’t really understand what was going on at the time, was she a fan of mine? Did she have a crush on me? Seriously, any INFJ who received that much attention from someone of the opposite sex would automatically assume they are in love with them. I would reply at first but then I started ignoring her. I wouldn’t read her messages for days, but she continued to send them. I didn’t understand, what did she want? A lot of her messages were not even directed toward me either it seemed. It was like she just needed to get her thoughts out of her mind, yep, I became her sound board before I knew it.

At some point I started to reply to her because she was seriously relentless in her messages. I eventually got to the bottom of things turns she did not have crush on me, she just wanted to learn that badly. She wanted me to teach her and she wanted to learn everything I knew about the game. She just wanted me for my information, ha. But I couldn’t refuse. If she was really that passionate about the game then I figured why not, maybe I can learn something too.

So I told her everything I knew and I played with her regularly. She had a lot of potential too, it wasn’t just me who saw it. I had a tough time convincing her that she was actually good at the game though. She suffered from extreme self doubt. She was very good at learning and coming up with new strategies and attack patterns but when it came to actually applying what she learned in actual combat she doubted herself too much. When she lost it was the most depressing thing ever. It got to the point where I didn’t even want to play her anymore because she would just shit talk her self every time she lost. I think she valued learning more about the game than she loved actually playing it. She was still very good though.

During the time frame that all of this happened was actually when I discovered I was an INFJ. I told her how much it changed my life and how it made me feel. Her response was a bit cold for how much emotion I put into the message, but she acknowledged it. After that I researched all of the types, introduced her to MBTI and she ended up accepting that she was an INTP relatively easily after I pointed out all of the quirks in her personality.

There are numerous books for INTPs on amazon but this one seemed to stand out to me. Plus, the reviews look really good. I however have not read this book personally.